Written by Isaac

A car is a vehicle with an internal combustion engine that can carry people over a distance. Often times they have 4 wheels, but that can vary. Cars replaced things such as horses so that people could go faster for longer distances without stopping.

Frenchman Nicolas Cugnot built the first self-propelled steam car in 1769. It was designed originally for use by the French army. One hundred years later, also in France, the first bicycle powered by a steam engine was built, the first motorcycle.

Internal combustion engines were first used in cars and motorcycles in 1885 and 1886. They were built by two Germans, Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz, who were working simultaneously but not collaboratively. Just before 1900, the Collins Buggy Company produced the first car powered by an electric battery.

While car technology improved over the years, it wasn’t until the early 1900s that cars began to be mass produced. Henry Ford, despite protests from his money manager, took the lead in this venture. In 1914 the Ford car factory in Michigan could build a Model T car in just over an hour and a half. Ford’s decision for mass production appeared to be a success, as more than half of the world’s cars were the Ford Model T.

By 1965 people were concerned enough about cars carbon emissions that states such as California began regulating them. Many states and countries followed suit.

Car safety was improved in the 1980s with the addition of anti-lock brakes, also called ABS. Anti-lock brakes prevent wheels from locking up during the braking process, preventing skidding and making stopping quickly safer.

In 2011 the Transition flying car became available in the United States. This car can be used on the road or in the air. The car is promoted as “the greenest plane in the sky” and uses around 5 gallons of gas per hour. In just a few hundred feet you can get the car up in the air and fly away. The car is considered a “roadable aircraft”. In flying mode the car can go up to one hundred miles per hour and reach an altitude of ten thousand feet.  On land the car tops out at around seventy miles per hour. You will need a pilots license if you want to fly it though!

But flying cars aren’t the only new technology available. Cars such as the Aquada sports car are now able to drive up to 100 miles per hour on land and also reach speeds of up to thirty miles per hour UNDERWATER! Unfortunately the Aquada never became available in the United States due to safety concerns, but manufacturers are still working on the technology and producing new vehicles. Things like the Quadski, a quad bike that can convert into a jet ski, are currently available.

Cars are now created all around the world. Companies such as Nissan, Suzuki, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Honda and Toyota are based out of Japan. Ford and General Motors are United States based while BMWs and Volkswagens are out of Germany. China, France and Italy are also large car manufacturers, but none of their vehicles have a large presence in the United States.

There are many different parts in a car. These include an engine, wheels, steering wheel, speedometer, odometer, air conditioner (an absolute MUST where I live), seat belts, pistons, gas tank and more. Most cars have either two or four doors as well as a trunk, usually located in the rear of the car.

Engines come in various forms as well. The most common is the four stroke engine, but there are also straight six, V six, flat four, rotary engine, two stroke engines, V eight, and other.

We may or may not ever stop making cars, but the car has driven us a long way. Cars continue to evolve, as witnessed by the creation of flying and underwater cars, as well as supersonic cars, but we will always need something to get us from point A to point B faster than we can walk.

I’m Isaac and this was my report on cars.

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